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HI84529 Titratable Acidity Mini Titrator for Dairy Analysis

Hanna Instruments

  • $ 81000


Item Description: HI84529 Titratable Acidity Mini Titrator for Dairy Analysis



The HI84529 is an easy to use, fast and affordable automatic mini titrator designed for testing titratable acidity levels in dairy products. Based on an acid-base titration method, this mini titrator uses an optimized pre-programmed method of analysis with a powerful algorithm that determines the completion of the titration reaction by the use of a specialized foodcare pH electrode. The HI84529 incorporates a precision piston style dosing pump that adjusts the volume of dosing dynamically based on the voltage change. This dosing system reduces the amount of time required for the titration while providing for a highly accurate determination of the amount of titrant used. The HI84529 is supplied complete with all the materials necessary to perform low and high range measurements of titratable acidity. All chemicals are premixed and prepackaged including standardized titrants, reagents and pump calibration solution. There is no need for volumetric glassware or analytical balances.

Piston driven pump for accurate dynamic dosing

Anti-Clogging HI5315 reference electrode

Anti-Clogging HI5315 reference electrode

Pre-standardized titrant and pre-measured reagents

Details

There are two fundamentally different measurements of dairy products: titratable acidity and pH. pH is a measurement of hydrogen ion concentration while titratable acidity is the neutralizing capacity of a dairy product with NaOH.

An increase in acidity can be caused by bacteria formation. Monitoring acidity is a way of determining the quality and freshness of dairy products. Acidity is determined by a pH endpoint titration using sodium hydroxide, and is defined as the consumption necessary to shift the pH value from 6.6 (corresponding to fresh milk) to a pre-determined pH value. While pH 7.0 is the actual point of neutralization, phenolphthalein is commonly employed as a color indicator to determine the endpoint of the reaction. When using phenolphthalein as an indicator a faint pink  color change occurs at pH 8.3. Titratable acidity is expressed in a variety of units based on the titration method performed. Each method varies in sample size and strength of NaOH used for the titration.

% Lactic Acid (%l.a.): is determined by taking a 20 mL or 20 g sample and diluting with twice its volume with deionized or distilled water. The sample is then titrated with 0.1 M sodium hydroxide to a phenolphthalein end point.

Degree Soxhlet Henkel (°SH): is determined by titrating a 50 mL sample with 0.1 M sodium hydroxide to a phenolphthalein end point.

Degree Dornic (°D): is determined by titrating a 100 mL sample with N/9 sodium hydroxide to a phenolphthalein end point.

Degree Thörner: is determined by taking a 10 mL sample and diluting with twice its volume with deionized or distilled water. The sample is then titrated with 0.1 M sodium hydroxide to a phenolphthalein end point

Knowing the relationship between sample weight or volume and strength of titrant it is possible to convert the reading obtained from one method to another. Below is a table with the factors preprogrammed in the HI84529 for converting between various units of measure.

From:

To:

Divide By:

%l.a.

°SH

0.0225

%l.a.

°D

0.0100

%l.a.

°Th

0.0090

Table for converting % lactic acid (%l.a.) to Degree Soxhlet Henkel (°SH), Degree Dornic (°D), and Degree Thorner °Th.

The HI84529 uses methods based on AOAC International and Standard Methods for the Examination of Dairy Products. Both of these methods report titratable acidity as % lactic acid and a conversion factor is used to convert the results to the other available units. The HI84529 can be customized to meet the needs of any dairy analysis lab. Samples can be titrated by weight or volume, diluted or non-diluted (low range only) and titrated to a fixed pH endpoint that can be adjusted by the user.  The HI84529 offers three different methods depending on the expected range and the weight of sample used. Select low range 50 to titrate a 50 ml or 50 g undiluted sample. The other titration options are low range 20 and high range 20 to titrate 20 mL or 20 g samples that are diluted twice their volume with deionized or distilled water.


Application-specific half cell pH Electrode

The HI84529 is supplied with the FC260B half-cell glass body pH electrode. A pH half cell electrode consist only of the pH indicating electrode. There is no reference cell with a junction. The FC260B half-cell electrode uses low temperature (LT) glass with a spherical bulb and glass body. This design consideration is ideal for direct pH measurement or titration of dairy related products. 

Low Temperature Glass Formulation

The glass tip uses a special LT glass formulation with a lower resistance of approximately 50 megaohms compared to general purpose (GP) with a resistance of about 100 megaohms. This is beneficial since many dairy products are stored at low temperatures. As the temperature of the glass decreases in the sample, the resistance of the LT glass will increase approaching that of GP glass at ambient temperatures. If using GP glass, the resistance would increase above the optimum resistance for the high impedance input of a pH meter. The FC260B is suitable to use with samples that measure from -5 to 100°C.

Reference Half Cell

Most pH electrodes are combination pH electrodes in which both half cells are supplied in a single probe design. The reference cell of these electrodes typically have a junction made of ceramic, glass, or PTFE. The junction of a reference electrode provides the electrical pathway between the inner portion of the electrode and the sample The HI84529 is supplied with the HI5315 reference half-cell.  The HI5315 has a skirted cone junction that allows for an extremely stable reference voltage with the sample. The HI5315 features a plunger design that can be used to flush any solids that have accumulated at the junction surface. The HI5315 can also be completely disassembled for cleaning. The ability to maintain a clean open junction allows for repeatable and accurate measurement. 

Piston Driven Dosing Pump

The heart of the HI84529 is the piston driven burette pump. This type of dosing system uses a motor in which each dose is very precisely controlled and the volume dispensed is accurately determined. The piston driven burette is controlled dynamically so that the volume of titrant being dosed is automatically adjusted based on a voltage response of the previous dose. This type of dosing speeds up the titration process by allowing for more titrant to be dosed at the start of the titration and then very small doses as the endpoint is reached.
 
Custom pH Calibration

According to AOAC International and Standard Methods for the Examination of Dairy Products the titration endpoint for % lactic acid is pH 8.3. The HI84529 uses custom calibration points based on the pH of fresh milk and the titration end point. The preprogrammed pH 6.00 and pH 8.30 calibration points allows for calibration of the meter that brackets the pH readings.

Good Laboratory Practice

The HI84529 offers comprehensive GLP information including date and time of the last pH electrode and dosing pump calibrations. Tracking calibrations are critical to have confidence in the results obtained from titrations. The GLP data is stored along with any logged readings.

Piston Driven Dosing Pump

The heart of the HI84529 is the piston driven burette pump. This type of dosing system uses a motor in which each dose is very precisely controlled and the volume dispensed is accurately determined. The piston driven burette is controlled dynamically so that the volume of titrant being dosed is automatically adjusted based on a voltage response of the previous dose. This type of dosing speeds up the titration process by allowing for more titrant to be dosed at the start of the titration and then very small doses as the endpoint is reached.

Automatic Stirrer

The built-in stirrer is automatically maintained at a speed of 800 rpm for low range titrations and 1000 rpm for high range titrations, regardless of the viscosity of the solution being titrated.

If you ever have any questions, please feel free to call or e-mail!

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Domestic: All items are shipped out USPS Priority Mail or UPS Ground at $7.50

International: S&H is $20.00 ($15.00 to Canada) via USPS Global Priority Mail.  Please add an additional $12.00 ($10 to Canada) 


National Industrial Supply  

30777 Rancho California #891420
Temecula, CA 92589, USA
Sales: 951.308.9269
Fax: 310.833.7306 

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